Timeline of Artists for Picture Study

The First Steps by Millet

Bold pink type indicates artists mentioned in The Original Home Schooling Series by Charlotte M. MasonI. The Renaissance, 1300-1600

A. 14th Century, Proto-Renaissance: Duccio di Buoninsegna, Giovanni Cimabue, Giotto di Bondone, Simone Martini (Italy)

B. 15th Century: Fra Angelico, Fra Filippo Lippi, Botticelli (Italy); Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden (Flanders)

C. 16th Century, Protestant Reformation begins in Germany in 1517.

  • High Renaissance: Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael Sanzio (Santi), Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italy); Albrecht Durer, Hans Holbein (Germany); Peter Bruegel (Flanders)
  • Venetian Art: Titian, Tintoretto
  • Mannerism, 1520-1600: Jacopo da Ponte (Venice); El Greco (Spain)

II. Baroque Art, 1600-1750: Caravaggio, Giovanni Battista Gaulli (Italy); Velazquez (Spain); Gerrit Dou, Peter Paul Rubens (Flanders/Spanish Netherlands); Rembrandt, Jan Vermeer, Pieter de Hooch (Holland); Claude Lorraine (France)

III. Rococo, Early 18th Century: Antoine Watteau, Jean-Honore Fragonard, Quentin de la Tour, Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin (France); William Hogarth (England)

IV. Romanticism & Neoclassicism, 1750-1850: Thomas Gainsborough, Sir Joshua Reynolds, William Blake, George Stubbs [horses], Joseph Mallord William Turner, John Constable (England); Jacques Louis David, Eugene Delacroix, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (France); Benjamin West, Gilbert Stuart, John James Audubon, {Hudson River School: Thomas Cole, Frederic Church, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Thomas Doughty, Asher Brown Durand, John Frederick Kensett}, George Caleb Bingham (USA); Goya (Spain)

V. Realism, 1850-1900

A. Transition: Jean Baptiste Camille Corot, Jean Francois Millet, Honore Daumier (France), Jozef Israels (Holland)

B. Realism Established: Gustave Courbet, James Jacques Joseph Tissot, Gustave Doré, (France); Sir Edwin Landseer (England); John Singer Sargent, Winslow Homer, Thomas Eakins, Frederic Remington & Charles Marion Russell [cowboys & Indians] (USA)

C. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood: John Everett Millais, William Holman Hunt (England)

D. Impressionism: Claude Monet, Sisley, Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Edgar Degas (France); Mary Cassatt, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, William Merritt Chase (USA)

E. Post-Impressionists: Georges Seurat, Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (France); Gari Melchers (USA)

VI. 20th Century

A. Symbolism: Edvard Munch (Norway); Henri Rousseau (France); Albert Pinkman Ryder (USA)

B. Fauves: Georges Rouault [Christian who returned to style of art of the early Church], Matisse, Dufy, Derain(France)

C. German Expressionism: Kathe Kollwitz [themes of mother protecting child, human suffering], Emil Nolde [Biblical themes]

D. Cubism: Pablo Picasso [early work before cubism phase is realistic and highly skilled] (Spain)

E. Social Realism & Commentary: Norman Rockwell, Grant Wood, Edward Hopper (USA)

F. Realism: NC Wyeth, Andrew Wyeth, Jamie Wyeth.

G. Folk Art: Grandma Moses

VII. 21st Century Artists of Special Interest to Families

  • Trisha Romance, Canadian. Good artist to study because of the influence of her family and faith on her art. Beautiful paintings of parents reading to children, family life, etc. Autobiography and prints at: www.artistsgarden.com
  • Al Young, Elspeth Young, American. Father and daughter whose art is inspired by literature. Elspeth’s series of women in the Bible is lovely. Their art, along with excellent book reviews and family reading list at: www.alyoung.com
  • Donna Green, American. Paintings of children at play and beautiful book illustrations. www.donnagreen.com
  • Ben Long, American. Frescos. Chapel of the Prodigal at Montreat College near Black Mountain, NC is open to public. Call 828-669-8012 x3820 for information about free tours. Has also done frescos in Charlotte and West Jefferson.

Compiled by Beth S., 2004 – 2007


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